价值共识与和谐世界
发布时间:2017-09-06  点击数:
作  者:汪信砚
关 键 词:价值共识; 价值认同; 价值认异; 社会和谐; 世界和平; 人类命运共同体
摘  要:

 价值共识是指人们在相互交往中在价值观念上形成某种协调、一致的意见,它有两种基本形式:一是价值认同,即人们被交往对方的价值观念所同化,自觉或不自觉地赞同和接受对方的价值观念;二是价值认异,即虽然人们并不赞同和接受交往对方所持有的价值观念,但能够理解对方所持价值观念由以产生的缘由和根据,并由此包容、体谅和尊重它。价值共识是和谐世界的重要前提和保障。在任何一个民族和国家中,要实现社会和谐,必须努力使全体社会成员认同核心价值观,并根据实际情况促成人们对与核心价值观并不矛盾和冲突的各种非核心价值观的认同或认异;在当代的全球性社会中,要维护和促进世界和平,则不仅需要当代世界各国的人们自觉认同反映全人类共同利益、共同价值的全球价值观,而且还必须在当代世界文化交往中努力促进和实现不同民族、国家的人们之间的价值认异。

Value Consensus and Harmonious World
 
Wang Xinyan (Wuhan University)
 
Abstract:This article aimed to build a community of shared future for mankind by reaching a value censensus among nations and countries, solving international conflicts and realizing win-win cooperation.The main conclusions of this article are as follows. Firstly, value consensus has two fundamental forms, i.e., value identification and the other is recognition of different values.
Secondly, value identification appears in three different ways. The first is that people who associate with each other partly or entirely gives up its original values and approves or accepts the values of the others although their original values are completely opposite. This result is attributed to interaction because it eases the tension of values among people. The second is that one side or both sides of people who associate with each other absorb some of each other’s values which they have never hold before although their original values have significant differences but not completely opposite. This result is attributed to interaction because it bridges the differences of values among people. The third  is that people who associate with each other hold partly overlapped values and their interaction highlights the coincidence.
Thirdly, recognition of different values has three different forms. The first  is that the involved sides of people who associate with each other no longer take other person’s values as a threat although their original values are completely opposite. This result is attributed to interaction because although neither side of people partly or totally agree with the other side’s values, but interaction dispels the hostility among their values. The second  is that people who associate with each other no longer treat each other’s values as incompatible although their original values have significant differences but not completely opposite. This result is owing to interaction because it tears down walls among people’s values although they never borrow and absorb each other’s values. The third is that both sides of people who associate with each other hold partly overlapped values and they no longer see other person’s values which are not overlapped with theirs as obstacle among them. This result is due to the interaction which enhance the understanding of each other’s non-overlapping values although it does not increase the overlaps of their values.
Fourthly, social harmony is the consequence of social governance. To promote social harmony with identification and recognition of different values, it is necessary to define the proper orientation and key objects of them. With regard to non-core values, they can take effects side-by-side with core values in the same society and turn into the objects of value identification and recognition of different values as long as they don’t conflict with core values.
Last but not the least, value consensus is the important guarantee of world peace. The most important part of value identification in the global society is the identification for global values. As long as the unique values, holding by different nations and countries, don’t conflict with global values, all of those values will have good reasons to exist. What’s more, those unique values should be tolerated, accepted and respected.
The innovative points of the article are listed as follows. First, it has a new research perspective for it explores how to build a harmonious world by analyzing value consensus. Second, this article adopts an interdisciplinary research method. Third, this paper unequivocally indicates that any nationalities and countries who wants to achieve social harmony must make sure that all the social members agree with the core values. What’s more, they have to promote the value identification or recognition of different values for a variety of non-core values that are compatible with the core values. The maintaining and promotion of world peace in the global society not only require people all over the world to identify with the global values which reflect the common interests and values of all mankind consciously, but also require people to recognize the different values among different nations and countries during the cultural exchange in modern times. 
 
Key words:value consensus; value identification; recognition of different values; social harmony; world peace; a community of shared future for mankind


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