跨地域家庭模式:进城务工农民的生计选择
发布时间:2017-09-06  点击数:
作  者:李向振
关 键 词:跨地域家庭模式;城乡二元结构;进城务工农民;生计选择
摘  要:

  受传统文化惯习影响,中国农民在进城务工时往往会基于生计考量而选择跨地域家庭模式。在该模式中,为应对城市生活带来的社会风险,进城务工农民赋予城市与乡村不同的社会功能。城市意味着获取收入来源的暂居地,乡村则是提供各种救济机制的情感寄托地。进城务工农民为满足不同的生活诉求而在城乡间持续摆动。这在某种程度上挑战了既有研究中城乡二元对立结构的成说。对进城务工农民的生计选择及城乡间摆动的文化机制进行深入研究,有利于破除将城市和农村看作是相互对立的社会形态的偏见,同时也对探索中国的城市化道路以及促进城镇化进程中的基层社区善治具有现实意义。

 Dual-locational Households:Livelihood Strategies of Rural Migrant Workers
LI Xiangzhen  (Wuhan University)
 
Abstract:Influenced by traditional cultural habits,Chinese peasants tend to choose dual-locational households mode to cope with the risk of uncertainty associated with marketization.In this mode,in response to the social risk of urban life,migrant rural workers give different social functions to cities and villages.City means that the source of income to obtain a temporary place while the village is to provide a variety of relief mechanisms of emotional sustenance.To meet the different demands of life,migrant rural workers swing continuously between the urban and rural areas.This has,to some extent,challenged the theory of urban and rural binary opposition.The study of the livelihoods of migrant workers and the cultural mechanism of the swing between urban and rural areas is conducive to breaking the prejudice that the urban and rural areas are regarded as mutually antagonistic social forms.What’s more,it also has practical significance to explore the urbanization of China’s road and promote the process of urbanization in good governance of the grassroots community.
Key words:Dual-locational Households; rural-urban divided structure; migrant rural workers; livelihood strategies
 


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