当代乡村社会民间信仰的养老参与
发布时间:2017-09-06  点击数:
作  者:张祝平
关 键 词:民间信仰; 慈善养老; 乡村社会
摘  要:

 中国的民间信仰蕴含着公益慈善的道德力量,积极参与养老公共领域的建构和行动是传统民间信仰“转化创新、开放包容、形成合力”的重要选择,也是中国当代社会民间信仰自我调适的内在要求,有助于传承崇德敬祖、尊老爱老文化基因,推进乡村治理体系和治理能力建设。纵观浙南L村西门宫的养老参与实践,民间信仰可以成为官方和民间养老事业的重要补充。而且,由于民间信仰厚植于民间,兼具广泛的群众性、独特的宗教性、丰富的娱乐性和浓重的伦理性,在乡村社会的养老参与中,相较于规范性的宗教组织和一般性的民间非营利组织,有独特而明显的优势。同时,作为乡村社会重要的子系统,民间信仰养老参与的方式和效度与政府参与、政教关系、市场发育、社会信任以及对现实制度环境的适应等密切相关。促进和便利乡村社会民间信仰的养老参与,需要以主流价值观为引领,坚持转化创新,增进社会认同;以规范场所管理为基础,坚持开放包容,引导社会自愿有序参与;以尊重老人实际需求为导向,倡导互助共享,涵养向上向善、敬老爱亲文明乡风;以地方政府为主导,推动形成民间信仰有效有序参与养老服务的体制机制和社会环境。

 
 
 
The Old-age Care Participation of Folk Beliefs in Contemporary 
Rural Society
ZHANG Zhuping (Hangzhou Academy of Social Sciences)
 
Abstract:Folk beliefs in China contain the moral power of public charity.Active participation in the construction and action of the public domain of old age care is not only an important choice of the traditional folk belief “transformation and innovation,openness and inclusiveness,formation of synergy”,but also the inherent requirement of self-adjustment of folk belief in contemporary society.It is helpful to inherit cultural gene of moral worship,respect for ancestors and elders,and to promote rural governance system and governance capacity-building.A general survey of old-age care participation at Ximen Palace in L Village of south Zhejiang province shows that folk beliefs can be an important supplement to the official and civil old-age care career.Because of growing among folks,folk beliefs have widely mass feature,and with rich entertainment and strong ethic.Compared to normative religious organizations and general civil nonprofit organizations,folk beliefs also have their unique and obvious advantages at old-age care participation in rural community.At the same time,as an important subsystem of rural society,the method and validity of folk beliefs in old-age care participation are closely related to government participation,political and religious relations,market development,social trust and its adaptation to realistic institutional environment.To promote and facilitate the old-age care participation of folk beliefs in the rural society,it needs to lead by the mainstream values,adhere to the transformation of innovation,enhance social identity. The standardization of the management of the premises serves as the basis to adhere and to guide the community to participate in a voluntary and orderly manner.Guided  the respect to actual needs of the elderly,we should advocate mutual sharing,conserve the civilization of up to the good,respect elderly love family.Led by the local government,we should promote the formation of folk beliefs participation in an orderly and effective to the old-age care institutional mechanisms and social environment.
Key words:folk beliefs; charity old-age care; rural society
 


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