在卓越中演进民主 ——对古代雅典民主的一种价值论思考(上)
发布时间:2017-09-06  点击数:
作  者: 何怀宏
关 键 词: 希腊城邦; 雅典民主; 价值; 卓越; 平等
摘  要:

 在卓越中演进民主,是古代雅典民主的一个典型特征。在近200年的历史演进中,追求卓越的政治精英与追求平等的民众共同推动了雅典民主的发展,但与其说雅典民主是主观推动的结果,毋宁说它是历史自然演进的产物,没有任何理论蓝图的先导,只是智慧的雅典人在特定的时空排除了贵族政制与僭主政治、因应了时代发展的趋势而已。当然,卓越与民主既可以互相促进,同时也有一种内在的紧张。在漫长的雅典民主实践中,卓越与民主能够协调发展,希腊民族性格中的中道精神、尊重法律以及重德性、轻物质的幸福观,也功不可没。
 
 
 
Evolution of Democracy in Excellence:
A Kind of Axiological Thinking about Democracy in Ancient Athens(I)
HE Huaihong (Peking University)
 
Abstract:Evolution of democracy in excellence is a typical feature of democracy in ancient Athens. During the historical evolution for about 200 years, the political elite questing for excellence and the common people questing for freedom jointly promoted the development of democracy in Athens. However, we argue that democracy in Athens is a product of natural evolution rather than the subjective motives, because there was no theoretical guide and the wise Athens people just conformed to the inevitable law of the historical development through eliminating the aristocracy and tyrant politics in Athens. As it should be, excellence and democracy can promote each other as well as tension with each other. While in the long practice of democracy in Athens, excellence and democracy can coordinate in development, the credit belonged to the spirit of middle mean and the view of happiness which valued virtue while undervalue material in Greek national character.
Key words:city-states of ancient Greece; Athens democracy; value; excellence; equality
 


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